Dominus Iesus

Sunday, June 7, 2009

50 Fakta Tentang Petrus Dalam Perjanjian Baru

Nama Petrus paling banyak disebutkan dibandingkan dengan total semua para Rasul bila nama mereka digabungkan. Petrus disebut sebanyak 191 kali dalam seluruh Kitab Perjanjian Baru. Nama Rasul Yohanes hanya disebut 48 kali. Bahkan nama Petrus mengcover 50% setiap kali nama Yohanes ditemukan dalam Perjanjian Baru. Petrus juga bahkan mengcover 60% dari seluruh nama para Rasul yang dirujuk oleh Perjanjian Baru. Dengan demikian, ringkasnya Petrus adalah AKTOR UTAMA dalam Perjanjian Baru. Dan Beliau adalah Paus Pertama Gereja Semesta, yakni Gereja Katolik.

Saya hanya mau menambahkan lagi dari sumber berikut ini : (catt: nanti saya terjemahkan kalau anda masih bingung juga)

1. Peter alone is the Rock upon which Jesus builds his Church (Mt 16:18).
2. Peter alone is given the keys to the kingdom of Heaven (Mt 16:19).
3. Peter is individually given the power to bind and loose (Mt 16:19).
4. Peter’s name appears first in all lists of the Apostles (Mt 10:2; Mk 3:16; Lk 6:14; Acts 1:13). Matthew even calls him the “first” (Mt 10:2).
5. Peter is almost always named first whenever he appears with anyone else. In the one exception (Gal 2:9), the context clearly shows him to be pre-eminent (1:18-19, 2:7-8).
6. Peter alone receives a new name solemnly conferred (John1:42; Mt 16:18).
7. Peter is regarded by Jesus as the Chief Shepherd after himself (John 21:15-17), singularly by name, and over the universal church, even though others have a similar but subordinate role (Acts 20:28; 1 Pet 5:2).
8. Peter alone among the Apostles is mentioned by name as having been prayed for by Jesus Christ in order that his faith may not fail (Lk 22:32).
9. Peter alone among the Apostles is exhorted by Jesus to “strengthen your brethren” (Lk 22:32).
10. Peter is the first to confess Christ’s Messiahship and divinity (Mt 16:16).
11. Peter alone is told that he has received divine knowledge by a special revelation (Mt 16:17).
12. Peter is regarded by the Jews (Acts 4:1-13) as the leader and spokesman of Christianity.
13. Peter is regarded by the common people in the same way (Acts 2:37-41; 5:15).
14. Jesus uniquely associates himself and Peter in the miracle of the tribute-money (Mt 17:24-27).
15. Christ teaches from Peter’s boat, and the miraculous catch of fish follows (Lk 5:1-11): perhaps a metaphor for the Pope as a “fisher of men” (cf. Mt 4:19).
16. Peter was the first Apostle to set out for and enter the empty tomb (Lk 24:12; Jn 20:6). John arrives first but waits for Peter out of deference.
17. Peter is specified by an angel as the leader and representative of the Apostles (Mk 16:7).
18. Peter leads the Apostles in fishing (Jn 21:2-3, 11). The “bark” (boat) of Peter has been regarded by Catholics as a figure of the Church, with Peter at the helm.
19. Peter alone casts himself into the sea to come to Jesus (Jn 21:7).
20. Peter’s words are the first recorded and most important in the upper room before Pentecost (Acts 1:15-22).
21. Peter takes the lead in calling for a replacement for Judas (Acts 1:22).
22. Peter is the first person to speak (and the only one recorded) after Pentecost, so he was the first Christian to “preach the gospel” in the Church era (Acts 2:14-36).
23. Peter works the first miracle of the Church Age, healing a lame man (Acts 3:6-12).
24. Peter utters the first anathema (on Ananias and Sapphira), which is emphatically affirmed by God (Acts 5:2-11).
25. Peter’s shadow works miracles (Acts 5:15).
26. Peter is the first after Christ to raise the dead (Acts 9:40).
27. Cornelius is told by an angel to seek out Peter for instruction in Christianity (Acts 10:1-6).
28. Peter is the first to receive the Gentiles, after a revelation from God (Acts 10:9-48).
29. Peter instructs the other Apostles on the catholicity (universality) of the Church (Acts 11:5-17).
30. Peter is the object of the first divine interposition on behalf of an individual in the Church Age (an angel delivers him from prison, Acts 12:1-17).
31. The whole Church (strongly implied) offers earnest prayer for Peter when he is imprisoned (Acts 12:5).
32. Peter opens and presides over the first council of Christianity and lays down principles afterward accepted by it (Acts 15:7-11).
33. Paul distinguishes the Lord’s post-Resurrection appearances to Peter from those to the other apostles (1 Cor 15:4-8 ). The disciples on the road to Emmaus make the same distinction (Lk 24:34), in this instance mentioning only Peter (Simon), even though they themselves had just seen the risen Jesus within the previous hour (Lk 24:33).
34. Peter is often spoken of as distinct among Apostles (Mk 1:36; Lk 9:28, 32; Acts 2:37, 5:29; 1 Cor 9:5).
35. Peter is often spokesman for the other Apostles, especially at climactic moments (Mk 8:29; Mt 18:21; Lk 9:5, 12:14; Jn 6:67-…).
36. Peter name is always the first listed of the “inner circle” of the disciples (Peter, James, John− Mt 17:1, 26:37, 40; Mk 5:37, 14:37).
37. Peter is often the central figure relating to Jesus in dramatic Gospel scenes, such as walking on water (Mt 14:28-32; Lk 5:1-…; Mk 10:28; Mt 17:24-…)
38. Peter is the first to recognize and refute heresy, in Simon Magus (Acts 8:14-24).
39. Peter’s name is mentioned more often than all the other disciples put together: 191 times. John is next in frequency with only 48, and Peter is found 50% of the time we find John in the Bible. Peter is named a remarkable 60% of the time any disciple is referred to.
40. Peter’s proclamation at Pentecost (Acts 2:14-41) contains a fully authoritative interpretation of Scripture, a doctrinal decision, and a disciplinary decree concern the House of Israel (2:36)−an example of binding and loosing.
41. Peter was the first “charismatic,” having judged authoritatively the first instance of the gift of tongues as genuine (Acts 2:14-21).
42. Peter is the first to preach Christian repentance and Baptism (Acts 2:38).
43. Peter (presumably) leads the first recorded mass Baptism (Acts 2:41).
44. Peter commanded the first Gentile Christians to be baptized (Acts 10:44-48).
45. Peter was the first traveling missionary and first exercised what would now be called “visitation of the churches” (Acts 9:32-38, 43). Paul’s missionary journey begins in Acts 13:2).
46. Paul went to Jerusalem to specifically see Peter for 15 days in the beginning of his ministry (Gal 1:18 ) and was commission by Peter, James, and John (Gal 2:9) to preach to the Gentiles.
47. Peter acts, by strong implication, as the chief bishop/shepherd of the Church (1 Pet 5:1), since he exhorts all the other bishops, or elders.
48. Peter interprets prophecy (1 Pet 1:16-21).
49. Peter corrects those who misuse Paul’s writings (2 Pet. 3:15-16).
50. Peter wrote his first epistle from Rome, according to most scholars, as its bishop, and as the universal bishop (or Pope) of the early Church. “Babylon” (1 Pet 5:13) is regarded by many commentators as a code name for Rome.

Sumber: Dave Armstrong’s A Biblical Defense of Catholicism

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